BADC (2005). The Minor Irrigation Survey Report of 2005, Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC). Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Bari MF, A.A. (2000). Effects on irrigated agriculture on groundwater quality in Northwestern Bangladesh. In: Proceedings of integrated water resources management for sustainable development. New Delhi, India: 19-21.
Barlow, M., Cullen, H., Lyon, B. & Wilhelmi, O. (2006). Drought disaster in Asia. Natural Disaster Hotspots Case Studies, 6: 1-20.
Butler, D., Memon, F., Makropoulos, C., Southall, A. & Clarke, L. (2010). WaND: Guidance on Water Cycle Management for New Developments. CIRIA Report C690. CIRIA, London, UK.
Eslamian, S., Reyhani, M.N. & Syme, G. (2019). Building Socio-Hydrological Resilience: from Theory to Practice. Journal of Hydrology, 575: 930-932.
Habiba, U.S. (2011). Socioeconomic Impact of Droughts in Bangladesh. In: R.A. Shaw (Ed.), Droughts in Asian Monsoon Region (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management) (Vol. 8, pp. 25-48). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-7262(2011)0000008008
Habiba, U., Shaw, R. & Takeuchi, Y. (2014). Farmers’ adaptive practices for drought risk reduction in the northwest region of Bangladesh. Natural Hazards: 337-359, DOI: 10.1155/2017/3514381
Hossain, M.N., Chowdhury, S. & Paul, S.K. (2016). Farmer-level adaptation to climate change and agricultural drought: empirical evidences from the Barind region of Bangladesh. Natural Hazards, 83(2): 1007-1026.
Hossain, M.S. (2018). Drought: A Threat to Ensure Food Security in Bangladesh. (pp. 1-30). Gazipur: Banggabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University. Retrieved from:
Islam, A.R., Shen, S., Hu, Z. & Rahman, M.A. (2017). Drought hazard evaluation in boro paddy cultivated areas of western Bangladesh at current and future climate change conditions. Advances in Meteorology,
Islam, A.R., Tasnuva, A., Sarker, S.C., Rahman, M.M., Mondal, M.S. & Islam, M.M. (2014). Drought in Northern Bangladesh: social, agroecological impact and local perception. International Journal of Ecosystem, 4(3): 150-158.
Jalilov, S.-M., Mainuddin, M., Maniruzzaman, M., Alam, M.M., Islam, M.T. & Kabir, M.J. (2019). Efficiency in the Rice Farming: Evidence from Northwest Bangladesh. Agriculture. DOI: 10.3390/agriculture9110245
Kamruzzaman, M.D., Al Marjuk, O. & Alam, M. (2017). Local Rice Varieties in Climate Vulnerable Areas of Bangladesh: Prospects and Barriers. Proceedings of 7th International Symposium. Retrieved from: yun.ir/txf054
Local Government Division. (2019, April). Sapahar Upazila. Retrieved from Local Government Division: yun.ir/oihft8
Mundial, B. (2013). Turn Down the Heat: Climate Extreme Regional Impact and Casefor Resilience. A Report for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for ClimateImpact Research and Climate Analytics. World Bank,Washington DC, USA.
Parry, M., Parry, M.L., Canziani, O., Palutikof, J., Van der Linden, P. & Hanson, C. (2007). Climate change 2007-impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Working group II Contribution to The Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, Vol.4.
Paul, S.K., Hossain, M.N. & Ray, S.K. (2013). Monga in northern region of Bangladesh: a study on people s survival strategies and coping capacities. Rajshahi University Journal of Life & Earth and Agricultural Sciences, 41: 41-56.
Rahaman, K.M., Ahmed, F.R. & Islam, M.N. (2016). Modeling on climate induced drought of north-western region, Bangladesh. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2(1): 45.
Rahman, M.R. & Lateh, H. (2016). Meteorological drought in Bangladesh: assessing, analysing and hazard mapping using SPI, GIS and monthly rainfall data. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(12): 1026.
Shahid, S. (2011). Impact of climate change on irrigation water demand of dry season Boro rice in northwest Bangladesh. Climatic Change, 433-453.
Shahid, S.B. (2008). Drought risk assessment in the western part of Bangladesh. Nat. Hazards, 56: 391-413. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-007-9191-5
Shahid, S.C. (2005). Assessment aridity of Bangladesh using the geographic information center. 56: 768-789.
Shahid, S., Wang, X., Rahman, M., Hasan, R., Harun, S. & Shamsudin, S. (2015). Spatial Assessment of Groundwater Over-exploitation in Northwestern Districts of Bangladesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85: 463-470.
Umma Habiba, R.S. (2011). Drought risk reduction through a Socio-economic, Institutional and Physical approach in the northwestern region of Bangladesh. Environmental Hazards, 10(2): 121-138.
Walker, B.H., Abel, N., Anderies, J.M. & Ryan, P. (2009). Resilience, Adaptability, and Transformability in the Goulburn-Broken Catchment, Australia. Ecology and Society, 14(1): 1-12.
Walker, B., Holling, C.S., Carpenter, S.R. & Kinzig, A. (2004). Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social–ecological Systems. Ecology and Society, 9(2): 1-5.