Decentralized Solar Wastewater Treatment Machine, an Innovation to Develop Water Reuse Approach

Document Type : Review Paper


Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University Isfahan, Isfahan,Iran


Nowadays water resources protection, by application of optimized, sustainable and economical approaches, for logical utilization of water has turned to one of the most vital and challenging issues worldwide. Additionally, water reuse, known as a strong factor in managing water crisis, is an appropriate alternative to handle this challenging crisis. This senior project discusses the design and construction of a solar water treatment system taking the advantage of ultraviolet (UV) radiation and a combination of natural processes. An UV wastewater treatment system is designed to demonstrate the wastewater treatment capability of the network. This system is specifically designed to eliminate bacterial contaminants and meet the needs of a community. Only sunlight is needed to power the treatment system. A solar panel collects energy from sunlight to be used for electrical consumptions such as pumping. Ultraviolet light disrupts bacteria and produces a source of drinking water. In fact, we try introducing an innovating idea of a decentralized solar wastewater treatment (DSWWT) machine, which is adaptable with environmental standards goals. In addition to being affordable and eco-friendly, it can be used in different kinds of communities (especially useful for remote communities).This machine will also be capable of being used in any residential, commercial or official building, which produces wastewater. Based on the assessments, manufacturing of this machine is easily reachable.


Main Subjects

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