Water Productivity Journal (WPJ) Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Case Study

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2 Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram, Bangladesh

10.22034/wpj.2021.270535.1028

Abstract

Coastal aquaculture is the most productive export earning sectors of Bangladesh. South-Eastern coast of Bangladesh is the most productive region of coastal aquauculture and millions of people depend on this sectors for livelihood. Three categories of tidal water exchange system based ponds of canal connected, river connected and pond connected pond were selected to study the nutrient loading and existing health management in the shrimp ponds. The aims of the study were quantified the hydrology of ponds, health evaluation test with the gut content investigation of shrimp body and nutrient loading from the shrimp ponds. It was found that higher nutrient load in the river connected pond also carried the higher growth and survival rate, feed conversion ratio and the highest production of shrimp. Although unplanned expansion and slightly improved traditional system of shrimp culture exists there is still no risk of environmental degradation in the aquatic environment of shrimp farming in Cox’s bazaar region. It was concluded that reuse water or connected pond system for coastal shrimp ponds should not be practiced anywhere in Bangladesh, due to the uncertainity associated with water productivity in such regions.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Abdul-Wahab, M.M. (2014). Population dynamics of the shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus in the Yemeni Red Sea waters. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 13(3): 585-596.
Ackefors, H. and Enell, M. (2016). Discharge of nutrients from Swedish fish farming to adjacent area. Ambio, 40 (2): 28-35.
Ahmed, H. (2015). Soil Quality analysis and considerations in the selection of sites for sustainable aquaculture in the south east coast of Chittagong specially Halishahar area. M.Sc thesis (Unpub), Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Chittagong. Bangladesh, 80pp.
Alam, M. (2016). Study on growth and survival of Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798 in monoculture in brackishwater ponds of Chanua with reference to some physico-chemical parameters of the ponds M. Sc. Thesis (Unpub), Institute of Marine Sciences., University of Chittagong, Bangladesh, 32pp.
APHA. (2012). Standard methods for the examination of water rand waste water. American Public Health Association, Washingto, USA.
Apud,. F.D., Primavera, J.H. and Torres, P.L. (2016). Farming of Prawns and Shrimps: Extension Manual No.-5, Aquaculture Department, SEAFDEC, Thailand, 67 pp.
BAFRU. (1996). Bagda chingrir chas o babasthapana. Bangladesh Fisheries Research Forum. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Barua. P., Rahman, SH., Mitra, A. and Zaman, S. (2020). An Exploration of Land Zoning for Coral Reef Islands of Bangladesh. Jounal of Environmmental Ecosystem, 4(3): 20-40.
Barua, P., Rahman, S.H. and Molla, M.H. (2017). Sustainable Adaptation in Response to Climate Displacement Problem in South-Eastern Coast of Bangladesh. International Journal of Climate Change Startgies and Management, 17(2): 45-65.
Barua. P., Zamal, H. and Chowdhury, M.S.N. (2011). Nutrient mass balance for improved traditional coastal shrimp ponds of Bangladesh. Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science.
Boyd. C.E. (2012). Water quality in warm water fish ponds. Auburn University Agricultural experiment station, University of Alabama Press, Auburn, AL, USA, 359 pp.
Boyd, C.E. and Gautier, D. (2000). Effluent composition and water quality standards. Global Aquaculture Advocate, 3(5): 61-66.
Boyd, C.E. and Tucker, C. (1992). Water Quality and Pond Soil Analyses for aquaculture. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama, USA, 183 pp.
Brock, S.E., Garland, D. and Nolan, J. (2014). Rewards, Challenges, Approaches and Solutions for Developing the Soos Creek Bioassessment TMDL. Salish Sea EcosystemConference, Seattle Washington State, 1st May, 17pp, 26(2): 98-113.
Castell, J.D. and Tiews, K. (1980). Report of the EIFAC, IUNS and ICES working group on the standardization of meth odology in fish nutrition research. FAO, Technical Paper. 122 pp.
Castel, S. and Tiews, W. (2015). Composition of feed and effects for commercial farming of shrimp intensive culture in Hundurus. Journal of Aquaculture, 25(5): 34-45.
Clifford, H.C. and. Cook, H.L. (2002). Disease Management in Shrimp Culture Ponds. Aquaculture Magazine, 28(4): 50-60.
DoF. (2015). Shrimp Aquaculture in Bangladesh- A Vision for the Future, An Output from the Shrimp Action Plan, Department of Fisheries, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Edwards, M. (2014). Fetal death and reduced birth rates associated with exposure to leadcontaminated drinking water. Environment Science and Technology, 48(1): 739-746.
Gaaloul, N., Eslamian, S. and Katlane, R. (2020). Impacts of Climate Change and Water Resources Management in the Southern Mediterranean Countries. Water Productivity Journal, 1(1): 51-72.
Gari, S.R., Newton, A. and Icely, J. (2015). A review of the application and evolution of the DPSIR framework with an emphasis on coastal social-ecological systems. Coastal Management, 103(2): 63-77.
Hambrey, J. (2017). The 2030 agenda and the sustainable development goals: the challenge for aquaculture development and management. FAO No. 1141. 29 pp.
Hassan, M.M. (2018). Post larval rearing of Penaeus monodon in a semi-intensive farm Cox’s Bazar. M.Sc. Thesis (unpub) Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Hepher, B. (2015). Nutrtion of pond fishes. Cambridge University press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Hile, R. (2015). Age and growth of the Eisco, Leucichthys are dilesue In the lakes of the northern highland. Fisheries Management, 80(4): 700-720.
Islam, M.M., Ahmed, M.K., Shahid, M.A. and Hoque, S. (2014). Present status of shrimp, prawn and fish culture in shrimp farms in the southwestern Bangladesh. Fishing Chimes, 45(5): 80-95.
Jackson, M.L. (2013). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA.
Jackson, D., McDermott, T., Kane, F., Donohoe, P. and Kelly, S. (2013). Evaluation of the impacts of aquaculture and freshwater habitat on the status of Atlantic salmon stocks in Ireland. Agricultural Sciences, 4(6): 62-67.
Leangruxa, P., Hesse, K.J.R. and Mayerle, K. (2010). Calibration of a water quality model for the nutrient distribution in the Meldorf Bight. Proceedings 29th. International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal.
Mahmood, J.U. (2015). Studies on semi-intensive and traditional culture system of Bagda shrimp, Peneaus monodon Fabricus, 1798 in brackish water ponds of Cox’s Bazar with Reference to hydrobiology and bottom soil of the pond. Fisheries Management, 75(5): 89-99.
Meade, J.W. (2014). Sustainable Aquaculture Management for Natural Conservation. Water Management, 75(5): 70-90.
Nagarajaiah, C.S. (2015). Physicochemical characteristics of brackish water ponds along Nethravathi estuary, Mangalore. Indian Journal of Marine Science, 45(6): 81-84.
Pauly, D. (1983). Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 234. 56 pp.
Pratoomyot, J., Choosri, S., Muthuwan, V., Luangoon, N., Charoendee, W., Phuangsanthia, W. and Shinn, A.P. (2018). Sand star, Astropecten indicus Döderlein, 1888, as an alternative live diet for captive harlequin shrimp, Hymenocera picta Dana, 1852. Aquaculture, 484: 351-360.
Quyen, N.Th.K., Hien, H.V., Khoi, L.N.D., Yagi, N. and Riple, A.K.L. (2020). Quality Management Practices of Intensive Whiteleg Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming: A Study of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Sustainability, 12 (1): 1-18.
Richard, L.A. (1954). Diagnosis and improvements of saline and alkali soils U.S. Salinity Laboratory DA, USDA, Hbk 60. 160 pp.
Ricker, W.E. (2013). Management of computations for biological statistics of fish population. Fisheries Conservation, 40 (5): 50-65.
Rouf, A., Khan, R., Khan, H. and Tokuda, H. (2015). Cytotoxic, antitumour-promoting and inhibition of protein denaturation effects of flavonoids, isolated from Potentilla evestita Th. Wolf. Natural Product Research, 29(18): 1775-1778.
Sedgwick, G.W. (2017). Length-weight relationship and relative condition factor of canine catfish Plotosus canius . Journal of the Marine biology, 45(3): 39-43.
Singh, S.P. (2016). Site selection: Soil quality consideration in the site selection of sites for Aquaculture farms. Aquaculture Asia, 40(5): 45-48.
Solbe, J. (2010). On the length-weight relationship and relative condition factor of Trichiurus lepturus Linaaeus. Indian Journal of fisheries, 38(2): 90-96.
Wyban, J.A., Lee, C.S., Sato, V.T.N. and Swernee, K.N. (2018). Effect of stocking density on shrimp growth rates in manure-fertilized ponds. Aquaculture, 61(3): 23- 32.