Water Productivity Journal (WPJ) Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Dr. S and S. S. Ghandhy Govt. Engg. College, Surat, Gujarat, India

2 Research Scholar, Dr. S and S. S. Ghandhy Govt. Engg. College, Surat, Gujarat, India

10.22034/wpj.2021.264752.1024

Abstract

Water productivity may carry different meanings to different people, and may differ between but also within groups of water users. The term water productivity is used exclusively to denote the amount of the product over the volume of water diverted. This research paper presents one-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling of a steady flow analysis on the Purna river of the Navsari region, India. ArcGIS and HEC-RAS software were used to find out water level at different cross-section in 62 km stretch of river reach. Carto DEM of 1-arc second resolution was pre-processed in ArcGIS v10.5 to extract the cross-sections for hydraulic modeling. Hydrologic Engineering Centre’s- River Analysis System (HEC-RAS v5.0.7) software was used to carry out the analysis of hydraulic parameters for past flood data. Total 246 cross-sections were analyzed to check the carrying capacity of the 62 km stretch of the river for the peak flood discharge of the years 2004 and 2005. The results show that around 40% of the total cross-sections were not having the capacity to safely pass the flood discharge. So, construction of retaining walls, embankments, stone-pitching, and detention ponds were suggested to prevent the flood inundation of the surrounding region. The study presented in this paper would be helpful in the infrastructure planning for decision-makers to prevent the loss due to floods in low-lying areas.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Agrawal, R. and Regulwar, D. G. (2016). Flood analysis of Dhudhana river in upper Godavari basin using HEC-RAS. Int J Eng Res, 1: 188-191.
Ahmad, H. F., Alam, A., Bhat, M. S. and Ahmad, S. (2016). One Dimensional Steady Flow Analysis Using HECRAS–A case of River Jhelum, Jammu and Kashmir. Eur. Sci. J, 12: 340-350.
Alaghmand, S., bin Abdullah, R., Abustan, I. and Eslamian, S. (2012). Comparison between capabilities of HEC-RAS and MIKE11 hydraulic models in river flood risk modelling (a case study of Sungai Kayu Ara River basin, Malaysia). International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2(3): 270-291.
Chabokpour, J., Azamathulla, H. M., Azhdan, Y. and Ziaei, M. (2020). Study of pollution transport through the river confluences by derivation of an analytical model. Water Science and Technology, 82(10): 2062-2075.
Chabokpour, J., Chaplot, B., Dasineh, M., Ghaderi, A. and Azamathulla, H. M. (2020). Functioning of the multilinear lag-cascade flood routing model as a means of transporting pollutants in the river. Water Supply, 20(7): 2845-2857.
Chowdhury, P., Ray, S. K., Meena, K. L. and Deka, B. C. (2016). Techniques of Water Productivity Enhancement in Hill Agriculture. Book Chapter in Conservation of Natural Resources and Its Efficient Utilization for Sustaining Hill Agriculture Publisher: Joint Director ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Nagaland Centre, Jharnapani, Medziphema, Special Issue, 112-115.
Demir, V. and Kisi, O. (2016). Flood hazard mapping by using geographic information system and hydraulic model: Mert River, Samsun, Turkey. Advances in Meteorology, Special Issue, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4891015
Heidarpour, B., Saghafian, B., Yazdi, J. and Azamathulla, H. M. (2017). Effect of extraordinary large floods on at-site flood frequency. Water Resources Management, 31(13): 4187-4205.
Horritt, M. S. and Bates, P. D. (2002). Evaluation of 1D and 2D numerical models for predicting river flood inundation. Journal of Hydrology, 268(1-4): 87-99.
Ingale, H. and Shetkar, R. V. (2017). Flood analysis of Wainganga River by using HEC-RAS Model. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology, 6(7): 211-215.
Khattak, M. S., Anwar, F., Saeed, T. U., Sharif, M., Sheraz, K. and Ahmed, A. (2016). Floodplain mapping using HEC-RAS and ArcGIS: a case study of Kabul River. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 41(4): 1375-1390.
Kumar, N., Lal, D., Sherring, A. and Issac, R. K. (2017). Applicability of HEC-RAS and GFMS tool for 1D water surface elevation/flood modeling of the river: A Case Study of River Yamuna at Allahabad (Sangam), India. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 3(4): 1463-1475.
Mehta, D., Yadav, S. M. and Waikhom, S. (2013). Geomorphic channel design and analysis using HEC-RAS hydraulic design functions. Paripex Int. J. Glob. Res. Anal, 2(4): 90-93.
Mehta, D. J., Ramani, M. M. and Joshi, M. M. (2013). Application of 1-D HEC-RAS model in design of channels. Methodology, 1(7): 4-62.
Mehta, D. J. and Yadav, S. M. (2020). Hydrodynamic Simulation of River Ambica for Riverbed Assessment: A Case Study of Navsari Region. In Advances in Water Resources Engineering and Management (pp. 127-140). Springer, Singapore.
Mehta, D., Yadav, S. M., Waikhom, S. and Prajapati, K. (2020). Stable Channel Design of Tapi River Using HEC-RAS for Surat Region. In Environmental Processes and Management (pp. 25-36). Springer, Cham.
Mehta, D. J., Yadav, S. M. and Waikhom, S. (2013). HEC-RAS Flow Analysis in the River Tapi.
Parhi, P. K., Sankhua, R. N. and Roy, G. P. (2012). Calibration of channel roughness for Mahanadi River, (India) using HEC- AS model. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 4(10): 847-850.
Patel, S. B., Mehta, D. J. and Yadav, S. M. (2018). One dimensional hydrodynamic flood modeling for Ambica River, South Gujarat. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative and
Varghese, K. O. (2017). Flood Modelling of Mangalam river using GIS and HEC-RAS. International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering, 6(6): 159-169.
Timbadiya, P. V., Mirajkar, A. B., Patel, P. L. and Porey, P. D. (2013). Identification of trend and probability distribution for time series of annual peak flow in Tapi Basin, India. ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 19(1): 11-20.
Timbadiya, P. V., Patel, P. L. and Porey, P. D. (2011). Calibration of HEC-RAS model on prediction of flood for lower Tapi River, India. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 3(11): 805-811.
Ullah, S., Farooq, M., Sarwar, T., Tareen, M. J. and Wahid, M. A. (2016). Flood modeling and simulations using hydrodynamic model and ASTER DEM—A case study of Kalpani River. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 9(6): 439.
Wang, C. H. (2014). Application of HEC-RAS model in simulation of water surface profile of river. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 641, pp. 232-235). Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
Yadav, S. M. and Mangukiya, N. K. (2020). Semiarid River Basin Flood: Causes, Damages, and Measures. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference in Ocean Engineering (ICOE2019) (pp. 201-212). Springer, Singapore.