Water Productivity Journal (WPJ) Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Case Study


Department of Geography. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-lfe, Nigeria



Water is an important part of the human life. Sustainable management of water is a major component of the Sustainable Delopment Goal 6, United Nations. Many residents of the middle and low economic countries are not adequately supplied with this important commodity, however, but information is scanty about the specifics of the state of drinking water in many relatively small urban areas. This paper is focused on one of the countries within the sub-Saharan Africa such that the selected locations are four important states (Oyo, Ondo, Osun and Ekiti) in the southwest region of Nigeria. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the water supply for drinking purposes and assess the quality of samples from sources of household drinking water in the region. The results showed the comparable differences in water accessibility due to socio-economic structure of the selected areas. Also, there is an extensively poor household drinking water quality in the region, and a support from the public facilities is either inadequate or non-existent. The study recommends the improved and sustainable household water schemes across the region to meet a higher water productivity.


Main Subjects

Abdul, H. A., Ahmed, A. A. and Shaqlof, H. (2009). Assessment the quality and quantity of harvested rainfall from different catchments systems study case: North West of Libya. Thirteenth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC 13 2009. Hurghada, Egypt.
Adefemi, S. O. (2012). Physico-chemical and Microbiological Assessment of Groundwater from Ijan Ekiti Southwestern Nigeria, Environmental Research Journal. 6(5): 316-320.
Adekola, A. O. (2018). Assessment of water infrastructure and occurrence of water related diseases in Oyo town, Oyo State, Nigeria; Unpublished M.Sc. Dissertation; Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nijeria, 135p.
Adepoju, A. A. and Omonona, B. T. (2009). Determinants of Willingness to Pay for Improved Water Supply in Osogbo Metropolis; Osun State, Nigeria, Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4: 1-6. 
Akindele, S. T. and Adebo, A. (2004). The Political Economy of River Basin and Rural Development Authority in Nigeria: A Retrospective Case Study of Owena-River Basin and Rural Development Authority (ORBRDA). Journal of Human Ecology, 16 (1): 55-62.
Banerjee, A., Archibald, A. T., Magcock, A. C., Tiford, P., Abraham, N. L., Yang, X., Braesicke, P. and Pyle, J. A. (2014). Lightning Nox, a Key Chemistry – Climate Interaction: Impacts of Future Climate Change and Consequences for Troposphenic Oxidizing Capacity. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14: 9871-9881.
Bos, V. (2004). Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in self-assessed health in 10 European countries, International Journal of Epidemiology, 34 (2): 295–305.
Chukwuma, E. C., Nzediegwu, C., Umeghalu, E. C. and Ogbu, K. N. (2012). Quality Assessment of Direct Harvested Rainwater in parts of Anambra State, Nigeria. Hydrology for Disaster Management, Special Publication of the Nigerian Association of Hydrological Sciences, Nijeria, 201-207.
Deregt, D., Carman, P. S. and Clark, R. M. (2005). A Comparison of Polymerase Chain Reaction with and without RNA Extraction and Virus Isolation for Detection of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus in Young Calves. Journal of Health Sciences, 14 (5): 433-437.
Elaigwu, S. E, Ajibola, V. O. and Folaranmi, F. M. (2007). Studies on The Impact of Municipal Waste Dumps on Surrounding Soil and Air Quality of Two Cities In Northern Nigeria. Journal Applied Science, 7(3): 421-425.
Eludoyin, A. O. (2016). Sustainability and Water Reclamation, In: Chapter 79: Urban Water Reuse Handbook, Eslamian, S. (Ed.), p. 1041 –1048, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis, ISBN 9781482229158, USA.
Eludoyin, A. O., Ajayi, C.T. and Martins, T. (2018). Water security challenge: an assessment of rain and groundwater quality for potable use in a part of southwest Nigeria. Journal of Earth and Atmospheric Research, 1(1): 140- 152.
Eludoyin, A. O., Akinbode, O. M. and Ehinmowo, A. O. (2007). Some challenges of River Basin Information System (RBIS) in Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Planning Sciences, 1(2): 51-60.
Eludoyin, A. O., Ofoezie, I. E. and Ogunkoya, O. O. (2004). ‘The effect of Oja-titun market effluent on the chemical quality of receiving Opa River, Ile-Ife, Nigeria’. Journal of Environmental Management, 72(4): 249-259.
Emenike, CP., Tenebe, IT., Omole, DO., Maxwell, O. and Onoka, B. I. (2017). Accessing safe drinking water in sub-Saharan Africa: Issues and challenges in South–West Nigeria. Sustainable Cities and Society,
Friedmann, J. (1966). Regional development policy: a case study of Venzuela, No HT395 V4F7, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Helmreich, B. and Horn, H. (2008). Opportunities in Rainwater Harvesting. Desalination, 251: 118–124.
Jones, J. A. and Van der Walt, I. J. (2004). Challenges for Water Sustainability in Africa. GeoJournal, 61(2): 105-119 .
Joode, de B. W., Barbeau, B., Bauchad, M. F., Mora, A. M., Asa, S., Cordoba, R. Q., Thomas, L. and Donna, M. (2016). Manganese concentrations in drinking water from villages near banana plantation with aerial mancozeb spraying in Costa Rica: results from the infants' Environmental Health Study (ISA). Environmental Pollution, 215: 247-257.
Muyibi, S. A. (1992). Planning Water Supply and Sanitation Projects In Developing Countries. Journal of Water Resources and Management, 118: 351–521.
Nwankwoala, A. O. (2011). Localizing the Strategy for Achieving Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in Nigeria, African. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 5 (13): 1170-1176.
Olajuyigbe, A. E. and Fasakin, J. O. (2010). Citizens’ Willingness to Pay for Improved Sustainable Water Supply in a Medium-Sized City in Southwestern Nigeria. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2): 41-50.
Olajuyigbe, A. E., Prossy, A., Adegboyega, S. A., and Salubi, E. (2012). Spatial Analysis of Factors Responsible for Incidence of Water Borne Diseases in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Society, 1(4): 10-16.
Olaniyi, O. A., Babatola, E. B. and Ayoade, O. J. (2013). Demand for Potable Water in Ilaje Local Government Area Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3(1): 72-79.
Oluyemi, E. A., Adekunle, A. S., Adenuga, A. A. and Makinde, W. O. (2010). Physico-chemical Properties and Heavy Metal Content of Water Sources in Ife North Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(10): 691-697.
Onibokun, A. and Faniran, A. (1986). Urbanization and urban problems in Nigeria, Urban Research in Nigeria. Institut français de recherche en Afrique, IFRA-Nigeria, 5-17.
Onokerhoraye, A. G. and Omuta, G. (1994). City Structure and Planning for Africa, The Benin Social Science Series for Africa, University of Benin, Benin city, Nigeria. Ilupeju Press Ltd, Benin City, Nigeria.
Oyebande, L. (1977). Urban Water Resources Development in Nigeria, Hydrological Report, Federal Ministry of the Water Resources, Lagos, Nigeria.
Rodda, J. C. (2009). Water under Pressure. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 46(6): 841-854.
Woodbridge, M. (2015). From MDGs to SDGs: What are the Sustainable Development Goals? ICLEI Briefing Sheet - Urban Issues, No. 01, 4p, Bonn, Germany, www.iclei.org/publications.
World Bank. (2010). World Development Indicators Database 2005. https:/data.worldbank.org Date Accessed: 19/11/18.